Archaeology of National Interest

This includes the World Heritage Archaeological Site nominees and listings not noted elsewhere. Not a lot of search effort went into most of these, so you may want to do a little surfing on your own.

Mesa Verde National Park
A listed World Heritage Archaeological Site, famous for the Cliff Palace, Balcony House, etc.

Chaco Culture National Historical Park
New Mexico, nominated World Heritage Archaeological Site. Chaco Canyon is a complex of Anasazi villages linked by ancient roads, dating to c. AD 800-1150. Chaco Canyon is a large canyon, which contains approximately 1100 ruins, including 13 major Pueblo Indian villages. These villages consist of 3-5 story buildings that often contain over 1,000 rooms. The ceremonial complex consisting of the large villages is dated between AD 1110 and 1300 and clearly demonstrates the cultural links between the Mesoamerican cultures and the Pueblo Indians of the Southwestern US. The NPS page leads to many more.

Pecos National Monument
New Mexico, a nominated World Heritage Archaeological Site. This site was occupied since before AD 900 up until the 19th century. The archaeological excavations of the area led to the development of a cultural sequence which in turn enabled the comparative dating of southwestern U.S. sites, the cornerstone of the understanding of Southwestern archaeology.

Pu'uhonua O Honaunau National Historical Park
Hawaii. Until the early 19th century, Hawaiians who broke a kapu or one of the ancient laws against the gods could avoid certain death by fleeing to this place of refuge or pu`uhonua. The offender would absolved by a priest and free to leave. A nominated World Heritage Archaeological Site

Bering Land Bridge National Preserve
National Park Service site about the Ice Age land route from Asia to North America.

Cape Krusenstern National Monument
There is very little on the web about this World Heritage Archaeological Site nominee in Alaska. It consists of a series of marine beach ridges (and nearby hills) which contain evidence of nearly every major cultural period in Arctic prehistory and history. This area is very near the probable route taken by man's first crossing into North America. The National Park Service site also provides some information.

Casa Grande Ruins National Monument
Surprisingly, again there is not a lot on the web about this listed World Heritage Archaeological Site. Located near Coolidge, AZ, Casa Grande is a four-story tower of packed earthen walls built over 600 years ago by the agricultural Indians of the Gila River Valley. The site also contains important Hohokam Indian remains dating from about AD 900.

Hohokam Pima National Monument
Located near Coolidge, AZ, this nominated World Heritage Archaeological Site is not open to the public - it is located on a Pima reservation. Hohokam Pima is part of the site of Snaketown, which was continuously inhabited by the Hohokam/Pima cultures for over 2,000 years. This site contains essentially all phases of Hohokam cultural development from the earliest villages established around 400 BC up to AD 1450. Subsequently, the Pima occupied this same site from the time of contact with the Spanish until around 1940. The Hohokam Pima site clearly demonstrates the Mesoamerican influence in the Southwestern U.S.

Ventana Cave
A "dry cave" site in Arizona, another nominated World Heritage Archaeological Site, offers a unique history of the hunter/gatherer cultural development and continuity. This site has been occupied continuously from 200 BC until the present. Excavations here established the stratigraphic sequence dates, and made a significant contribution to knowledge. No web site is dedicated to it, but this site is a summary of its nomination to the National Register of Historic Places.

Lindenmieir Site
Paleo-Indian site in Colorado. Another nominated World Heritage Archaeological Site, no web site seems to cover it. One of the earliest Folsom sites to be excavated, it was instrumental in establishing man's presence in North America at its current early date. The site consists of a kill site marked by numerous bison bones and a camp a short distance away.

CWVA Home Page Educator Section Guide Contact the Council

© 2001-2008 CWVA